- partpart1 [pärt]n.[ME < OE & OFr, both < L pars (gen. partis) < IE base * per-, to sell, hand over in sale, make equal > L par, equal, parare, to equate]1. a portion or division of a whole; specif.,a) any of several equal portions, quantities, numbers, pieces, etc. of which something is composed or into which it can be divided [a cent is a 100th part of a dollar]b) an essential element or constituent; integral portion which can be separated, replaced, etc. [automobile parts]c) a portion detached or cut from a whole; fragment; pieced) a certain amount but not all [to lose part of one's fortune]e) a certain amount or section regarded as a separate divisionf) a segment or organ of the body of men and animalsg) a division of a literary workh) Math. an aliquot part2. a portion assigned or given; share; specif.,a) something a person must do; share of work or duty [to do one's part]b) interest or concern [to have some part in a matter]c) [usually pl.] talent; ability [a man of parts]d) a character or role in a theatrical presentation; also, the words, actions, etc. of a character in a playe) Music the score for a particular voice or instrument in a concerted piece; also, any of the voices or instruments in a musical ensemble3.a) a region; areab) [usually pl.] a portion of a country; district4. one of the different sides or parties in a transaction, dispute, conflict, etc.☆ 5. the dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directionsvt.[ME parten < OFr partir < L partire, to divide, separate < the n.]1. to break or divide into separate parts2. to comb (the hair) in different directions so as to leave a dividing line3. to break up (a connection or relationship) by separating those involved4. to separate (two or more persons or things); break or hold apart5. to separate (substances) as by a chemical process6. Archaic to distribute; share; apportion7. Naut. to break or undergo the breaking of (a hawser, chain, etc.)vi.1. to break or divide into two or more pieces2. to separate and go different ways, as branches of a river3. to separate; leave each other; cease associating4.a) to go away; leave; depart: with fromb) to dieadj.of or having to do with only a part; partialadv.partly; in partSYN.- SEPARATE——————for one's partas far as one is concerned——————for the most partin the greatest part or to the greatest extent; mostly; generally——————in good part1. good-naturedly2. generally; mostly——————in partto a certain extent or degree; partly——————on the part of someone or on someone's part1. as far as someone is concerned2. by or coming from someone: Also on someone's part——————part withto give up; let go; relinquish——————play a part1. to behave unnaturally in an attempt to deceive2. to participate or share: also take part——————take someone's partto support someone in a struggle or disagreement; side with someoneSYN.- PART1 is the general word for any of the components of a whole [a part of one's life ]; a PORTION is specifically a part allotted to someone [his portion of the inheritance ]; a PIECE is either a part separated from the whole [a piece of pie ] or a single standardized unit of a collection [a piece of statuary ]; a DIVISION is a part formed by cutting, partitioning, classifying, etc. [the fine-arts division of a library ]; SECTION is equivalent to DIVISION but usually connotes a smaller part [a section of a bookcase ]; SEGMENT implies a part separated along natural lines of division [a segment of a tangerine ]; a FRACTION is strictly a part contained by the whole an integral number of times, but generally it connotes an insignificant part [he received only a fraction of the benefits ]; a FRAGMENT is a relatively small part separated by or as by breaking [a fragment of rock ] -ANT. WHOLEpart2abbrev.1. participial2. participle3. particular
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.